Fire blankets are made of fire-resistant materials, usually fiberglass and sometimes Kevlar. They work by cutting off the oxygen supply (oxygen is one of the three elements that a fire needs to burn) and smothering the fire. They are particularly useful for smothering fat pan fires or for wrapping around a person whose clothing is on fire. Fire blankets conforming to British Standard BSEN1869:1997 are suitable for use in the home.
Due to its simplicity, a fire blanket may be more helpful for someone who is inexperienced with fire extinguishers.
How to use a fire blanket?
- Choose the right type of fire blanket for the situation.
- Review fire blanket instructions before you need to use it for fire safety reasons.
- Make certain the fire blanket is stored in an easily accessible quick-release container.
- Protect your hands by wrapping them in the top edge of the blanket as you put out a fire.
- Use the non-flammable blanket as a shield as you approach the fire.
- Place the non-flammable blanket over the fire.
- Turn off any heat source, such as a stove burner.
- Leave the blanket in place until it’s cool to the touch.
- Dial 999 immediately from a safe location if the fire blanket does not put out the fire.
- Allow a fire blanket that has been in use at least 30 minutes to cool.
- Wrap a fire blanket around someone whose clothes have caught on fire.
- Use a fire blanket around your own clothes if you must move through an area on fire.